Plants of New England

This is a work in progress. Some species are incomplete and will be updated over time. The vegetation of the Northern Tablelands includes eucalypt forests and woodlands, natural and derived grasslands, rainforests, heaths and wetlands.  Within these communities there are 2725 plant species, including 2196 endemic natives, 11 non-endemic natives and 516 exotic species (Plant Net). The endemic natives include 188 threatened species. These species include most plant forms: trees, shrubs, grasses, forbs, vines, etc. This page connects you with information to help you identify, manage and use some of these native plants. Land managers need to be able to identify native plants for many reasons:

  • To better understand their uses such as grazing value, timber, fodder, food, flowers, etc,
  • To be able to gain more information about the plants,
  • To distinguish threatened species and communities,
  • To distinguish weeds or plants with detrimental characteristics,
  • To identify habitat values,
  • For interest sake.

How to use this page

This page provides information sheets that you can view or print. You can search or browse for a species from the list available. We have started with 220 of the more common species and we will add to these over time. You can print either a “Field Guide” or a “Seed Guide” .

Field Guide

These sheets give you a description of the plant, where it occurs, its preferred environment and what it is used for.

Seed Guide

These sheets are designed for people wanting more information about seed collection, seed storage and germination.


Filter on Species or Common names

Filter on a value in the chosen field

ACANTHACEAE [0 / 1]-+

NO IMAGE
Rostellularia adscendens

			

ANTHRICACEAE [0 / 1]-+

Yellow Autumn-lily
Tricoryne elatior
Yellow Autumn-lily

			

APIACEAE [0 / 2]-+

NO IMAGE
Eryngium ovinum
Blue devil

			
Flannel Flower
Actinotus helianthi
Flannel Flower

			

ARALIACEAE [0 / 1]-+

NO IMAGE
Hydrocotyle laxiflora
Stinking Pennywort

			

ASPHODELACEAE [0 / 1]-+

NO IMAGE
Bulbine bulbosa
Native Leek

			

ASTERACEAE [0 / 14]-+


Cassinia quinquefaria

			

Leucochrysum albicans

			
common everlasting
Chrysocephalum apiculatum
common everlasting

			
NO IMAGE
Senecio quadridentatus
Cotton Fireweed

			
Cough Bush
Cassinia laevis
Cough Bush

			
NO IMAGE
Brachyscome multifida
cut-leaved daisy

			
Golden Everlasting
Xerochrysum bracteatum
Golden Everlasting

			
Murrnong
Microseris lanceolata
Murrnong

			
NO IMAGE
Ozothamnus diosmifolius
rice flower

			
Showy Copper-wire Daisy
Podolepis jaceoides
Showy Copper-wire Daisy

			
sticky daisy-bush
Olearia elliptica
sticky daisy-bush

			
Tall Ammobium
Ammobium alatum
Tall Ammobium

			
wallaby weed
Olearia viscidula
wallaby weed

			
yellow burr-daisy
Calotis lappulacea
yellow burr-daisy

			

BIGNONIACEAE [0 / 1]-+

wonga wonga vine
Pandorea pandorana
wonga wonga vine

			

BLECHNACEAE [0 / 1]-+

fishbone water fern
Blechnum nudum
fishbone water fern

			

CAMPANULACEAE [0 / 1]-+

NO IMAGE
Lobelia purpurascens
Whiteroot

			

CASUARINACEAE [0 / 5]-+

NO IMAGE
Allocasuarina brachystachya

			
black she-oak
Allocasuarina littoralis
black she-oak

			
NO IMAGE
Allocasuarina luehmannii
Bulloak

			
Forest Oak
Allocasuarina torulosa
Forest Oak

			
River Oak
Casuarina cunninghamiana
River Oak

			

CHENOPODIACEAE [0 / 2]-+

Berry Saltbush
Einadia hastata
Berry Saltbush

			
Climbing Saltbush
Einadia nutans
Climbing Saltbush

			

CUPRESSACEAE [0 / 2]-+


Callitris oblonga

			
Black Cypress Pine
Callitris endlicheri
Black Cypress Pine

			

CYATHEACEAE [0 / 1]-+

Black Tree-fern
Cyathea australis
Black Tree-fern

			

CYPERACEAE [0 / 1]-+

Rough Saw-sedge
Gahnia aspera
Rough Saw-sedge

			

DICKSONIACEAE [0 / 1]-+

soft tree-fern
Dicksonia antarctica
soft tree-fern

			

ERICACEAE subf. EPACRIDOIDEAE [0 / 4]-+


Leucopogon lanceolatus

			
Coast Coral Heath
Epacris microphylla
Coast Coral Heath

			
Peach Heath
Lissanthe strigosa
Peach Heath

			
Urn-heath
Melichrus urceolatus
Urn-heath

			

EUPHORBIACEAE [0 / 2]-+

NO IMAGE
Phyllanthus subcrenulatus

			
Pinkwood
Beyeria viscosa
Pinkwood

			

FABACEAE subf FABOIDEAE [0 / 1]-+

Sarsparilla
Hardenbergia violacea
Sarsparilla

			

FABACEAE subf. FABOIDEAE [0 / 13]-+


Glycine clandestina

			

Hovea lanceolata

			

Glycine tabacina

			

Pultenaea microphylla

			
 Hop Bitter-pea
Daviesia latifolia
Hop Bitter-pea

			
NO IMAGE
Indigofera australis
Australian indigo

			
Broom Bitter Pea
Daviesia genistifolia
Broom Bitter Pea

			
NO IMAGE
Lespedeza juncea
Bush clover

			
NO IMAGE
Desmodium brachypodum
Large Tick-trefoil

			
NO IMAGE
Pultenaea foliolosa
Small-leaf Bush-pea

			
Smooth Darling-pea
Swainsona galegifolia
Smooth Darling-pea

			
Tough Scurf-pea
Cullen tenax
Tough Scurf-pea

			
Winged Broom-pea
Jacksonia scoparia
Winged Broom-pea

			

FABACEAE subf. MIMOSOIDEAE [0 / 19]-+


Acacia leiocalyx

			

Acacia falcata

			
blackwood
Acacia melanoxylon
blackwood

			
NO IMAGE
Acacia buxifolia
box-leaf wattle

			
broad-leaved hickory
Acacia falciformis
broad-leaved hickory

			
dagger wattle
Acacia siculiformis
dagger wattle

			
Dean's wattle
Acacia deanei
Dean's wattle

			
fern-leaved wattle
Acacia filicifolia
fern-leaved wattle

			
fringed wattle
Acacia fimbriata
fringed wattle

			
frosty wattle
Acacia pruinosa
frosty wattle

			
hickory wattle
Acacia implexa
hickory wattle

			
kangaroo thorn
Acacia paradoxa
kangaroo thorn

			
poverty wattle
Acacia dawsonii
poverty wattle

			
prickly Moses
Acacia ulicifolia
prickly Moses

			
red-stemmed wattle
Acacia rubida
red-stemmed wattle

			
silver wattle
Acacia neriifolia
silver wattle

			
silver wattle
Acacia dealbata
silver wattle

			
spurwing wattle
Acacia triptera
spurwing wattle

			
sticky wattle
Acacia viscidula
sticky wattle

			

GERANIACEAE [0 / 1]-+

Native Geranium
Geranium solanderi
Native Geranium

			

GOODENIACEAE [0 / 1]-+

Spur Velleia
Velleia paradoxa
Spur Velleia

			

LAMIACEAE [0 / 5]-+

Austral bugle
Ajuga australis
Austral bugle

			
Creeping Mint
Mentha satureioides
Creeping Mint

			
NO IMAGE
Prostanthera rotundifolia
Round-leaved Mintbush

			
NO IMAGE
Prostanthera nivea
Snowy Mint-bush

			
NO IMAGE
Prostanthera lasianthos
Victorian christmas bush

			

LOMANDRACEAE [0 / 3]-+

Many-flowered Mat-rush
Lomandra multiflora
Many-flowered Mat-rush

			
spiny-headed mat-rush
Lomandra longifolia
spiny-headed mat-rush

			
NO IMAGE
Lomandra filiformis
Wattle Mat-rush

			

MALVACEAE [0 / 1]-+

Kurrajong
Brachychiton populneus
Kurrajong

			

MYRTACEAE [0 / 42]-+


Callistemon pungens

			
Alpine Bottlebrush
Callistemon pityoides
Alpine Bottlebrush

			
Apple
Angophora floribunda
Apple

			
Apple Box
Eucalyptus bridgesiana
Apple Box

			
Black Sally
Eucalyptus stellulata
Black Sally

			
Blakely's Red Gum
Eucalyptus blakelyi
Blakely's Red Gum

			
Broad-leaved Stringybark
Eucalyptus caliginosa
Broad-leaved Stringybark

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus fastigata
Brown Barrel

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus nortonii
Bundy

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus caleyi
Caley's Ironbark

			
common fringe-myrtle
Calytrix tetragona
common fringe-myrtle

			
Fuzzy Box
Eucalyptus conica
Fuzzy Box

			
Grey Box
Eucalyptus moluccana
Grey Box

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus mckieana
McKie's Stringybark

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus obliqua
Messmate

			
Mountain Gum
Eucalyptus dalrympleana subsp. heptantha
Mountain Gum

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus camphora subsp. relicta
Mountain Swamp Gum

			
Mugga Ironbark
Eucalyptus sideroxylon
Mugga Ironbark

			
Narrow-leaved Black Peppermint
Eucalyptus nicholii
Narrow-leaved Black Peppermint

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus crebra
narrow-leaved ironbark

			
Narrow-leaved Peppermint
Eucalyptus radiata subsp. sejuncta
Narrow-leaved Peppermint

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus andrewsii
New England Blackbutt

			
New England Peppermint
Eucalyptus nova-anglica
New England Peppermint

			
Orange Gum
Eucalyptus prava
Orange Gum

			
Red Stringybark
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha
Red Stringybark

			
Ribbon Gum
Eucalyptus nobilis
Ribbon Gum

			
Ribbon Gum
Eucalyptus viminalis
Ribbon Gum

			
River Bottlebrush
Callistemon sieberi
River Bottlebrush

			
Shining Gum
Eucalyptus nitens
Shining Gum

			
Silver Top Stringybark
Eucalyptus laevopinea
Silver Top Stringybark

			
Slender Tea-tree
Leptospermum brevipes
Slender Tea-tree

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus saligna
Sydney blue gum

			
Tantoon
Leptospermum polygalifolium
Tantoon

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus banksii
Tenterfield Woollybutt

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus dealbata
Tumbledown Red Gum

			
NO IMAGE
Kunzea parvifolia
Violet Kunzea

			
Wattle-leaved Peppermint
Eucalyptus acaciiformis
Wattle-leaved Peppermint

			
Weeping Bottlebrush
Callistemon viminalis
Weeping Bottlebrush

			
White Box
Eucalyptus albens
White Box

			
White Sally
Eucalyptus pauciflora
White Sally

			
Yellow Box
Eucalyptus melliodora
Yellow Box

			
NO IMAGE
Eucalyptus youmanii
Youman's Stringybark

			

NOTHOFAGACEAE [0 / 1]-+

antarctic beech
Nothofagus moorei
antarctic beech

			

OLEACEAE [0 / 3]-+

NO IMAGE
Jasminum suavissimum

			
NO IMAGE
Notelaea venosa
Veined Mock-olive

			
NO IMAGE
Notelaea microcarpa var. microcarpa
Velvet Mock Olive

			

PHORMIACEAE [0 / 1]-+

Blueberry Lily
Dianella revoluta
Blueberry Lily

			

PHRYMACEAE [0 / 1]-+

NO IMAGE
Mimulus gracilis
Slender Monkey-flower

			

PITTOSPORACEAE [0 / 1]-+

Blackthorn
Bursaria spinosa
Blackthorn

			

POACEAE [0 / 1]-+

NO IMAGE
Phragmites australis
Common Reed

			

PROTEACEAE [0 / 11]-+


Grevillea ramosissima

			

Grevillea juniperina

			

Persoonia cornifolia

			
NO IMAGE
Hakea eriantha

			
NO IMAGE
Isopogon anemonifolius
broad-leaf drumsticks

			
Coast banksia
Banksia integrifolia
Coast banksia

			
NO IMAGE
Petrophile canescens
Conesticks

			
NO IMAGE
Lomatia silaifolia
Crinkle Bush

			
NO IMAGE
Banksia spinulosa
Hairpin Banksia

			
NO IMAGE
Persoonia linearis
Narrow-leaved Geebung

			
Small-fruit Hakea
Hakea microcarpa
Small-fruit Hakea

			

PTERIDACEAE [0 / 2]-+

common maidenhair
Adiantum aethiopicum
common maidenhair

			
Rock Fern
Cheilanthes sieberi
Rock Fern

			

RANUNCULACEAE [0 / 2]-+

NO IMAGE
Ranunculus lappaceus
Common Buttercup

			
Small-leaved Clematis
Clematis microphylla
Small-leaved Clematis

			

RHAMNACEAE [0 / 3]-+

NO IMAGE
Pomaderris angustifolia

			
Bitter cryptandra
Cryptandra amara
Bitter cryptandra

			
Red Ash
Alphitonia excelsa
Red Ash

			

ROSACEAE [0 / 1]-+

NO IMAGE
Rubus parvifolius
native raspberry

			

RUBIACEAE [0 / 2]-+

Common Woodruff
Asperula conferta
Common Woodruff

			
Prickly Currant Bush
Coprosma quadrifida
Prickly Currant Bush

			

RUTACEAE [0 / 2]-+

Common Correa
Correa reflexa
Common Correa

			
NO IMAGE
Phebalium squamulosum
Scaly Phebalium

			

SANTALACEAE [0 / 1]-+

Cherry Ballart
Exocarpos cupressiformis
Cherry Ballart

			

SAPINDACEAE [0 / 2]-+

Narrow-leaved Hopbush
Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustissima
Narrow-leaved Hopbush

			
Sticky Hop-bush
Dodonaea viscosa subsp. angustifolia
Sticky Hop-bush

			

SCROPHULARIACEAE [0 / 1]-+

Winter Apple
Eremophila debilis
Winter Apple

			

SMILACACEAE [0 / 1]-+

NO IMAGE
Smilax glyciphylla
Sweet Sarsaparilla

			

THYMELAEACEAE [0 / 3]-+

NO IMAGE
Pimelea curviflora

			
Poison Pimelea
Pimelea neo-anglica
Poison Pimelea

			
NO IMAGE
Pimelea linifolia
Slender Rice Flower

			

VIOLACEAE [0 / 2]-+

Native Violet
Viola betonicifolia
Native Violet

			
NO IMAGE
Melicytus dentatus
Tree Violet

			

WINTERACEAE [0 / 1]-+

northern pepperbush
Tasmannia stipitata
northern pepperbush

			

XANTHORRHOEACEAE [0 / 2]-+


Xanthorrhoea glauca

			
Johnson
Xanthorrhoea johnsonii
Johnson's grass tree

			


Understanding the information sheets

Small numbers in brackets next to text shows the source of the information. To see the reference list click here.

Growth form

This describes the form, height and width of the plant on the New England Tablelands. The plant may be larger or smaller in other areas.

Drought and frost tolerance

How well the plant tolerates frost or drought on the New England Tablelands. We have more severe frosts than many other areas but less severe droughts than some areas.

Suitability for planting

Some species are better suited for farm planting than others because of size, ability to cope with tough environments and ability to compete with weeds. Species suitable for direct seeding have larger seeds, rapid growth and are large plants.

Distribution map

The distribution map shows the boundary of the New England Tablelands bioregion, with points showing locations where this plant has been collected and stored in a herbarium. Data obtained from the Atlas of Living Australia (www.ala.org.au). It does not mean that the species only occurs where the points are. This map shows the main towns and roads in the NET bioregion as they relate to the distribution maps.

Acknowledgements

Plants of the New England Tablelands has been compiled by David Carr and other volunteers from the Armidale Tree Group.  We acknowledge the information sources from which much of the data has been drawn (see references). The database and web page was funded by Northern Tablelands Local Land Services through their Small Grants Program. The database and web page were built by Michael Luchich of Alternation.